Discussion In your own words, explain how to obtain the “expected value of perfect information” for any payoff table, which has probabilities associated with each state of nature. Then, provide an example, drawing from any of the payoff tables in Problems 1-17 in the back of Chapter 12. If no probabilities are given for the states of nature, then assume equal likelihood.
MAT540 Week 2 Homework Chapter 12 1. A local real estate investor in Orlando is considering three alternative investments: a motel, a restaurant, or a theater. Profits from the motel or restaurant will be affected by the availability of gasoline and the number of tourists; profits from the theater will be relatively stable under any conditions. The following payoff table shows the profit or loss that could result from each investment: Gasoline Availability Investment Shortage Stable Supply Surplus Motel $-8,000 $15,000 $20,000 Restaurant 2,000 8,000 6,000 Theater 6,000 6,000 5,000 Determine the best investment, using the following decision criteria. a. Maximax b. Maximin c. Minimax regret d. Hurwicz (α = 0.4) e. Equal likelihood 2. A concessions manager at the Tech versus A&M football game must decide whether to have the vendors sell sun visors or umbrellas. There is a 30% chance of rain, a 15% chance of overcast skies, and a 55% chance of sunshine, according to the weather forecast in College Junction, where the game is to be held. The manager estimates that the following profits will result from each decision, given each set of weather conditions: Weather Conditions Decision Rain Overcast Sunshine .30 .15 .55 Sun visors $-500 $-200 $1,500 Umbrellas 2,000 0 -900 a. Compute the expected value for each decision and select the best one. b. Develop the opportunity loss table and compute the expected opportunity loss for each decision. 3. Place-Plus, a real estate development firm, is considering several alternative development projects. These include building and leasing an office park, purchasing a parcel of land and building an office building to rent, buying and leasing a warehouse, building a strip mall, and building and selling MAT540 Homework Week 2 Page 2 of 3 condominiums. The financial success of these projects depends on interest rate movement in the next 5 years. The various development projects and their 5-year financial return (in $1,000,000s) given that interest rates will decline, remain stable, or increase, are shown in the following payoff table. Place-Plus real estate development firm has hired an economist to assign a probability to each direction interest rates may take over the next 5 years. The economist has determined that there is a .50 probability that interest rates will decline, a .40 probability that rates will remain stable, and a .10 probability that rates will increase. a. Using expected value, determine the best project. b. Determine the expected value of perfect information. Interest Rate Project Decline Stable Increase Office park $0.5 $1.7 $4.5 Office building 1.5 1.9 2.5 Warehouse 1.7 1.4 1.0 Mall 0.7 2.4 3.6 Condominiums 3.2 1.5 0.6 4. The director of career advising at Orange Community College wants to use decision analysis to provide information to help students decide which 2-year degree program they should pursue. The director has set up the following payoff table for six of the most popular and successful degree programs at OCC that shows the estimated 5-year gross income ($) from each degree for four future economic conditions: Economic Conditions Degree Program Recession Average Good Robust Graphic design 145,000 175,000 220,000 260,000 Nursing 150,000 180,000 205,000 215,000 Real estate 115,000 165,000 220,000 320,000 Medical technology 130,000 180,000 210,000 280,000 Culinary technology 115,000 145,000 235,000 305,000 Computer information technology 125,000 150,000 190,000 250,000 Determine the best degree program in terms of projected income, using the following decision criteria: a. Maximax b. Maximin c. Equal likelihood MAT540 Homework Week 2 Page 3 of 3 d. Hurwicz (α = 0.50) 5. Construct a decision tree for the following decision situation and indicate the best decision. Fenton and Farrah Friendly, husband-and-wife car dealers, are soon going to open a new dealership. They have three offers: from a foreign compact car company, from a U.S. producer of full-sized cars, and from a truck company. The success of each type of dealership will depend on how much gasoline is going to be available during the next few years. The profit from each type of dealership given the availability of gas, is shown in the following payoff table: Gasoline Availability Dealership Shortage Surplus .6 .4 Compact cars $ 300,000 $150,000 Full-sized cars -100,000 600,000 Trucks 120,000 170,000
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