Continuous Problem – City of Monroe

Continuous Problem – City of Monroe


to Accompany

Essentials of Accounting for Governmental

and Not-for-Profit Organizations: 

Twelfth Edition


Chapters 2 through 8describe accountingand financial reporting by state and local governments. A continuousproblem is presented to provide an overview of the reporting process, including preparation of fund basis and government-wide statements.  Theproblem assumes the government is using fund accounting for its internalrecord-keeping and then at year-end makes necessary adjustments to preparethe government-wide statements. The problem that follows is presented in the same order as the textbook (beginning with Chapters 3, and 4).


Each chapter requires the preparation of journal entries to record the events and transactions of governmental, proprietary, or fiduciary funds.  For the General Fund, use control accounts for the budgetary accounts, revenues, expenditures and encumbrancesFor all other funds, use separate accounts for each type of revenue and expenditure/expense.At appropriate stages, preparation ofthe fund and government-wide statements are required. The following fundsare included in this series of problems:


Governmental Funds

  • General
  • Special revenue—Street and Highway Fund
  • Capital projects—City Hall Annex Construction Fund
  • Debt service—City Jail Annex Debt Service Fund
  • Debt service—City Hall Debt Service Fund


Proprietary Funds

  • Internal service—Stores and Services Fund
  • Enterprise—Water and Sewer Fund


Fiduciary Funds

  • Private-purpose—Student Scholarship Fund
  • Pension trust—Fire and Police Retirement Fund



General Fund and Special Revenue Funds- Chapter 4


The Balance Sheets of the General Fund and the Street and Highway Fund of the City of Monroeas of December 31, 2014, follow. These (beginning) balances have been entered in the proper general ledger accounts, as of 1/1/2015.




General Fund Balance Sheet
As of December 31, 2014
Cash   $502,000
Taxes receivable $210,000  
Less: Estimated uncollectible taxes (42,000)  
   net   168,000
Interest and penalties receivable on taxes 5,200  
Less: Estimated uncollectible interest and penalties (950)  
   net   4,250
Due from state government   210,000
Total assets   $884,250
Liabilities, Deferred Inflows, and Fund Equity
Accounts payable   $ 99,000
Due to other funds   27,000
Total liabilities   126,000

Deferred inflows – Property taxes

Fund equity:    
Fund balance—assigned

(for outstanding encumbrances)

Fund balance—unassigned 720,250  
Total fund balance   737,250
Total liabilities, deferred inflows and fund equity   $884,250


Street and Highway Fund Balance Sheet
As of December 31, 2014
Cash   $21,000
Investments   59,000
Due from state government   109,000
Total assets   $189,000
Liabilities and Fund Equity
Accounts payable   $9,000
Fund equity:    
Fund balance—assigned for streets and


Total liabilities and fund equity   $189,000


3–C. This portion of the continuous problem continues the General Fund and specialrevenue fund examples by requiring therecording and posting of the budgetary entries. To reduce clerical effortrequired for the solution use control accounts for the budgetary accounts, revenues, expenditures and encumbrances.  Subsidiary accounts are not required. Budget information for the City includes:


  1. As of January 1, 2015, the City Council approved and the mayor signed abudget calling for $11,250,000 in property tax and other revenue,$9,300,000 in appropriations for expenditures, and $1,700,000 to be transferredto two debt service funds for the payment of principal and interest.Record the budget for the General Fund and post tothe ledger.


  1. Also as of January 1, 2015, the City Council approved and the mayorsigned a budget for the Street and Highway Fund that provided for estimatedrevenues from the state government in the amount of $1,068,000 andappropriations of $1,047,000. Record the budget andpost to the ledger.


4–C. Part 1. General Fund Transactions



  1. Record journal entries for the following transactions for FY 2015.Make any computations to the nearest dollar. Journal entry explanationsare not required. Use control accounts for revenues, expenditures and budgetary accounts. It is not necessary to reflect subsidiary ledger entries.

(1) Encumbrances of $ 17,000 for purchase orders outstanding at the end of 2014 were re-established.

(2) The January 1, 2015, balance in Deferred Inflows – Property Taxes relatesto the amount of the 2014 levy that was expected to be collectedmore than 60 days after December 31. This amount should be recognizedas 2015 revenues.

(3) A general tax levy in the amount of $6,800,000 was made. It is estimatedthat 2 percent of the tax will be uncollectible.

(4) Tax anticipation notes in the amount of $500,000 were issued.

(5) Goods and supplies related to all encumbrances outstanding as ofDecember 31, 2014 were received, along with invoices amounting to$16,600; the invoices were approved for payment.  The City maintains immaterial amounts in supply inventories and it is the practice of the City to charge supplies to expenditure when received.

(6) All accounts payable and the amount due other funds were paid.

(7) The General Fund collected the following ($ 10,811,500) in cash:

  • prior year taxes,$158,000;
  • interest and penalties receivable on prior year taxes, $3,500;
  • currenttaxes, $6,400,000;
  • $210,000 previously recorded as due from the state government;
  • licensesand permits, $800,000;
  • sales taxes, $2,890,000; and
  • miscellaneousrevenues, $350,000.


(8) Purchase orders and contracts wereissued in the amount of $3,465,000.

(9) Payrolls for the General Fund totaled $5,070,000. Of that amount,$498,000 were withheld for employees’ federal income taxes and$357,000 were withheld for employees’ FICA and Medicare tax liability;the balance was paid in cash. The encumbrance system is notused for payrolls.

(10) The liability for the city’s share of FICA and Medicare taxes,$357,000, was recorded as was the liability for state unemploymenttaxes in the amount of $28,000.

(11) Invoices for most of the supplies and services ordered in transaction8 were received in the amount of $3,375,300 and approved for payment.The related encumbrance amounted to $3,407,000.

(12) Tax anticipation notes were paid at maturity, along with interest inthe amount of $18,000.

(13) Notification was received that an unrestricted state grant in theamount of $332,000 would be received during the first month of thenext year.

(14) The General Fund recorded a liability to the Water and Sewer Fundfor services in the amount of $37,000 and to the Stores and ServicesFund for supplies in the amount of $313,200; $310,000 of theamount due the Stores and Services Fund was paid.

(15) The General Fund recorded an amount due of $52,000 from the stategovernment, representing sales taxes to be collected from retail salestaking place during the last week of the year.

(16) The General Fund paid accounts payable in the amount of $3,015,000 andpaid the amounts due the federal and state governments. The GeneralFund also transferred to the debt service funds cash in the amount of$1,662,000 for the recurring payment of principal and interest.

(17) All required legal steps were accomplished to increase appropriationsby the net amount of $212,000. Estimated revenues were increasedby $73,000.

(18) The City Council authorized a write-off of $51,000 in delinquentproperty taxes and corresponding interest and penalties amountingto $1,600.

(19) Interest and penaltiesreceivable on taxes were accrued in the amount of $17,200;$1,100 of this amount is expected to be uncollectible.

(20) It is estimated that $27,500 of the outstanding taxes receivable will becollected more than 60 days beyond the fiscal year-end.


  1. Post the entries to the general ledger.


  1. Prepare and post the closing entries for the General Fund. Outstanding encumbrances at year end are classified as Assigned Fund Balance and all remaining net resources are classified as Unassigned Fund Balance.


  1. Prepare a Statement of Revenues, Expenditures, and Changes in Fund Balance for the year ended December 31, 2015. Confirm that the revenue and expenditure control accounts agree with the following detail and use this information in the Statement:



Revenues   Expenditures
Property Taxes . . . . . . $6,657,500   General Government . . . $1,646,900
Sales Taxes 2,942,000   Public Safety . . . . . . . . . 3,026,900
Interest and Penalties on Taxes . . . . . . . . . . . 16,100   Highways and Streets . . 1,441,400
Licenses and Permits . 800,000   Sanitation . . . . . . . . . . . . 591,400
Intergovernmental Revenue . . . . . . . . . . . 332,000   Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 724,100
Miscellaneous Revenue 350,000   Welfare . . . . . . . . . . . . . 374,300
Total . . . . . . . . . . . . $11,097,600   Culture and Recreation . 917,300
      Capital Outlay . . . . . . . . 492,800
      Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . $9,215,100


  1. Prepare in good form a Balance Sheet for the General Fund as of the end of fiscal year, December 31, 2015.


4–C. Part 2. Special Revenue Fund Transactions


  1. Record journal entries for the following transactions for FY 2015 and post to the general ledger. As there are relatively few revenues and expenditures, the use of control accounts is not necessary. (Make entries directly to individual revenue and expenditure accounts).


(1) The state government notified the City that $1,072,000 will be availablefor street and highway maintenance during 2015 (i.e. the City has met eligibility requirements). The funds are not considered reimbursement-type as definedby GASB standards.

(2) Cash in the total amount of $985,000 was received from the state government.

(3) Contracts, all eligible for payment from the Street and Highway Fund,were signed in the amount of $1,062,000.

(4) Contractual services (see transaction 3) were received; the relatedcontracts amounted to $1,043,000. Invoices amounting to $1,030,500 forthese items were approved for payment. The goods and services allwere for street and highway maintenance.

(5) Investment revenue of $5,120 was earned and received.

(6) Accounts payable were paid in the amount of $923,000.

(7) All required legal steps were accomplished to increase appropriationsin the amount of $4,500.


b.Prepare and post the necessary closing entries for the Street and HighwayFund.


  1. Prepare a Statement of Revenues, Expenditures, and Changes in Fund Balances for the Street and Highway Fund for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015.


  1. Prepare a Balance Sheet for the Street and Highway Fund as of December 31, 2015.Assume any unexpended net resources are classified as Restricted Fund Balance.
Get a Custom & Original Paper Today.

Use our Cheap Academic Essay service for guaranteed success!